Birkat Hamazon, Meein Shalosh, Boreh Nefashot & Bracha Achrona: Nusach Ashkenaz, Sefarad, Edot Hamizrach & Teiman – provided for the public benefit. Learn how to sing the blessings for grace after meals. Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon known in English as the Grace After Meals is a set of Hebrew blessings that Jewish Halakha (“collective body of Jewish.
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Birkas Hamazon – ברכת המזון (Bentching) – Grace After Meals –
According to Halakha when a minimum of three men eat bread as part of a meal together they are obligated to form a mezuman a “prepared gathering” with the addition of a few extra opening words whereby one man “invites” the others to join him in birkat hamazon. Unsourced material may bircchas challenged and removed. Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings.
When one hundred are present, the leader says “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose we have eaten and of Whose bbirchas we have lived”, and the group responds “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose we have eaten, and of Whose goodness we have lived.
There is a practice in many Orthodox communities to wash the hands before reciting birkat hamazon. Namazon needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Pages using deprecated image syntax Articles containing Yiddish-language text.
Birkat Hamazon is made up of four blessings. This invitation is called a zimmun. In liberal branches of Judaism, there is no standard text to be recited and customs vary accordingly.
Psalm 27 Avinu Malkeinu Selichot. Although sometimes done at ordinary meals, it is more commonly done on Shabbat and Jewish Holidaysand almost universally done at meals celebrating special events. On Hanukkah and Purim al ha-Nissim is added to the middle of the second blessing.
In particular, the Italian version preserves the ancient practice of commencing the second paragraph with Nachamenu on Shabbat. Some practice it as a binding halachahothers as an optional custom, and others do not practice it at all. Some benchers now feature photography of Israel throughout. The most widely available is the Ashkenazic. It contains the four essential blessings in a somewhat shortened form, with fewer preliminaries and additions.
It is held that this, though a chovah duty is not a mitzvah a commandmentas the practice was instituted for health reasons specifically, to avoid the danger of touching the eyes with harmful salts.
There are also SephardicYemenite and Italian versions. If one forgets Retzei or ya’aleh ve-Yavoone inserts a short blessing before the fourth blessing. Psalmeponymously called Shir Hama’alot Song of Ascentswhich expresses the Jewish hope of return to Zion following their final redemption, is widely recited by Ashkenazi Jews before Birkat Hamazon on ShabbatJewish holidaysand other days on which the penitential Tachanun prayer is not recited.
Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon Hebrew: If this is also forgotten, then at the first two meals of Shabbat and major holidays with the possible exception of the Rosh Hashanah day mealone must repeat the entire Birkat Hamazon.
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Traditionally, the cover of the bencher hhamazon customized to reflect the event. Birkat hamazon is typically read to oneself after ordinary meals and often sung aloud on special occasions such as the Shabbat and festivals.
The scriptural source for the requirement to say birkat hamazon is Deuteronomy 8: At the hakazon of birkat hamazona further seven special blessings are recited. This practice is called mayim acharonim final waters. Wikisource has original text related to this article: It is a mitzvah de-‘oraita Aramaic: It is sufficient to wash until the second joint of the fingers.
A Zimmun of 10 is called a Zimmun B’Shem. Hsmazon practice of a cup of blessing is mentioned in the Talmud. After these four blessings, there is a series of short prayers, each beginning with the word Harachaman the Merciful Onewhich ask for God’s compassion. Although the Talmud states that women are obligated to say birkat hamazon and that accordingly, three women can constitute a zimmun and lead it Berachot 45blater authorities, such as Maimonides and the Mishnah Berurahheld that women were exempt from leading a zimmun on grounds that women were not generally sufficiently educated to know how.
The first three blessings are regarded as required by scriptural law:. Retrieved from ” https: Such authorities disagree, however, on the appropriateness of women leading a zimmun in the presence of men or of three men.
A special ritual dispenser can be used to dispense the water,  but does not need to be. At birkat hamazon concluding the celebratory meal of a brit milah ritual circumcisionadditional introductory lines, known as Nodeh Leshimchaare added at the beginning and special ha-Rachaman prayers are inserted.
According to the birxhas opinion in the Talmud Berakhot 49bthere are special versions of the zimmun if birkat hamazon is said by at least one hundred, one thousand or ten thousand seated at one meal.
This psalm describes the reactions of the Jews in exile as would have been expressed during the Babylonian captivity See Mishna Berura quoting the Shelah. When those present at the meal form a minyan a quorum of ten adult Jewish men there are further additions to the invitation. At a Passover Sederthe cup of blessing is drunk by everyone present, and functions as the “Third Cup”.